Minimal Latin Elements, a-, ab-, abs- to junct-
Basic Latin Elements that All English Speakers and Readers Should Know
The 125 basic Latin elements every English speaker/reader should know for an adequate understanding of thousands of English words that are used in the mass media (newspapers, magazines, TV, radio, books, and the Internet).
Please note: the lists that are presented here and on the next pages are only a very small part of the cross references, relative words, and definitions that are available at the Cross-Reference Search Dictionary that specializes in the thousands of English words that are derived from Latin and Greek origins. You may connect to this special Cross-Reference Search source of Latin-Greek-English elements here.
Click this connection so you can see fourteen basic prefixes and roots considered by some to be most useful as a short cut to a bigger vocabulary.
- a-, ab-, abs- (Latin: from, away, away from; used as a prefix).
This prefix is normally used with elements of Latin and French origins (abs- usually joins elements beginning with c, q or t).
The form ab- is regularly used before all vowels and h; and it becomes a- before the consonants m, p, and v. The prefix apo- has similar meanings.
- ad- (Latin: to, a direction toward, addition to, near; used as a prefix).
ad- appears before vowels and before the consonants d, h, j, m, and v:
- agri-, agrio- (Greek > Latin: fields).amat-, amor-, am- (Latin: love, loving; fondness for).
Wild, savage; living in the fields through Latin, ager, agri.
- ami-, amic- (Latin: friend).
- ambi-, amb- (Latin: both, on both sides; around, about).
- ambul-, ambulat-, -ambulate, -ambulating, -ambulation -ambulator, -ambulatory, -ambulant, -ambulic, -ambulism, -ambulist (Latin: walk, take steps, move around; from to wander, to go astray).
- anima-, anim- (Latin: animal life; breath; soul; mind).
Anima- is a living being from a Latin form meaning, of air, having a spirit, living, which in turn comes from another form meaning, breath of air, air, soul, life.
- anni-, annu-, enni- (Latin: year, yearly).
- ante-, anti-, ant- (Latin: before, in front of, prior to, forward; used as a prefix).
Compare this element with anti-, meaning against. Anti-, with the meaning of before, is found in very few words, such as: antipasto (from Italian). and anticipate with its various forms, plus a few scientific terms.
- aqua-, aquatic-, aqui-, aqu-, -aquatically, aque-, -aqueous (Latin: water).
- audio-, aud-, audi-, audit- (Latin: hearing, listening, perception of sounds).
- bene-, ben-, beni- (Latin: good, well) and bon- (Latin: good).
- brevi-, brev- [brie-, bri-] (Latin: short).
- cand-, can-, cend- (Latin: glow; white).
- capit-, capt-, ceps-, chapt-, chef, cip-, -cup- (Latin: head, leader, chief, or first).
- carno-, carn-, carne-, carni- (Latin: flesh, meat).
- celer- (Latin: fast, speed, swift, rapid).
- centi-, cent- (Latin: hundred; a decimal prefix used in the international metric system for measurements).
This prefix is used in the metric [decimal] system as, one-hundredth [U.S.] and hundredth [U.K.], and denotes 1/100th of a unit or 10-2 [0.01]. The metric symbol for centi- is c.
- -cise, -cis, -cide (Latin: a suffix; to cut, cut).
- -cide, -cides, -cidal (Latin: a suffix; kill, killer; murder, to cause death, slayer; cutter; to cut down).
Dont confuse this element with the another -cide that means to cut; although -cide, death, is related to -cise, -cide, to cut down.
- circum- (Latin: around, about, surrounding, on all sides; literally, in a circle).
- com- [co-, cog-, col-, con-, cor-] (Latin: together, with; used as a prefix).
- contra-, contro-, counter, contre- (Latin: against, opposed to, opposite, contrary; used as a prefix).
- cor-, cord-, cour- (Latin: heart).
- corp-, corpor-, corpus- (Latin: body).
- cred-, credit-, creed- (Latin: believe, belief, faith, confidence, trust).
- cura-, cur- (Latin: heal, cure [care for, give attention to, to take care of]).
- cur(r).-, curs-, -course (Latin: run, go).
- dei-, div- (Latin: God, god [deity, divine nature]).
adieu (French): Goodbye (literally, I commend you to god.).
- dento-, dent-, denta-, dentino-, denti-, dentin- (Latin: tooth, teeth).
- dic-, dict- (Latin: talk, speak, say, tell, declare).
- digit (Latin: finger, toe).
- dor-, do-, don- (Greek > Latin: gift).
- dorm-, dormi- (Latin: sleep, sleeping).
- duo-, du- (Latin: two; a number used as a prefix).
- duc-, -duce, -duct, -ducent, -ductor, -duction, -ductive, -ducer, -ducement, -ducation (Latin: lead, leading, bring, take, draw).
- equ-, equi- (Latin: same, equal, similar, even).
- ex- (e-, ef-). (Latin: [out of, from]; [upward]; [completely, entirely]; [to remove from, deprive of]; [without]; [former]; used as a prefix).
- extra-, extro- (Latin: beyond, outside, on the outside, outward, external; used as a prefix).
- fac-, fact-, feas-, -feat, -fect, -feit, -facient, -faction, fic-, -fy, facil- (Latin: make, do, build, cause, produce; forming, shaping).
- fid-, fidel- (Latin: believe, belief, trust, faith).
- fin- (Latin: end, last, limit, boundary, border).
- flagr- (Latin: fire; burn, blaze).
- fluct-, flucti-, -flux, flu- (Latin: flow, wave).
- fortu-, fortun- (Latin: chance, fate, luck).
- frag-, frang-, fract-, fring- (Latin: break).
- fug-, -fuge, -fugit (Latin: drive away, flee, fly, run away).
- grad-, -grade, -gred, -gree, -gress (Latin: walk, step, take steps, move around; walking or stepping).
- grav-, griev- (Latin: heavy, weighty).
- habili-, habil- (Latin: clothe, clothing; that which may be easily handled, suitable, fit, proper).
- ign-, igni-, ignis- (Latin: fire, burn).
- inter- (Latin: between [also: among, mutually, together]; used as a prefix).
- intra- (Latin: within, inside, on the inside; used as a prefix).
- jet-, -ject, -jecting, -jected, -jection, -jector, -jectory; jac- (Latin: throw, send, fling, hurl, cast; gush; spurt).
- junct-, jug- (Latin: join, unite, yoke).